BIOHUMUS holds 10000s of different soil microorganisms. This biodiversity is the most important characteristic, because it makes sure, there is not one single species dominating the system. This balanced equilibrium is the key for healthy soil, healthy plants and healthy people.
Don´t go too fast over this part of the text, it has an important meaning: While humans try to fight against diseases and pests by killing them, or trying to wipe them out, nature reduces the impact of the bad guys, by enhancing biodiversity. With the increasing number of people suffering from allergies, scientists found out that this would be a good reason to send our children back into the gardens, where their immune system can learn to work properly again.
Plants use the diversity of soil microbes to actively communicate e.g. to mobilize the nutrients which would otherwise not be available to them. By changing the composition of their root exudates, the plant can control which microorganisms are fed, and so which nutrients are delivered to the roots. In this way the plants can breed their own microbiome – the specific microbial community which is best for that plant under these specific conditions.
It is important that we realise that soil is still a “black box” for us, for example, we are still not able to breed 99% of the soil microbes, because we still do not know, which environmental condition each species needs. Therefore, we cannot make soil in a technical process. Only the soil microbes can create soil, working together with the most important soil animal, the earthworm!
The rediscovery of the importance of the earthworm is therefore not another hype or a passing fad. It is the logical implementation of a new scientific branch of research, biomimicry. Scientists are copying nature in design (think about the Lotus effect or wing flaps on aircraft copied from birds). We want to go further. Instead of just copying, we are working in partnership with nature to produce the best fertilizer and soils. Even though we don´t understand exactly why things work so well in soil, we can still use them. Learning exactly why it is so perfect, can be done later!